Охрана Труда

Обязанности работодателя по охране труда

Every individual has the constitutional right to work in safe and hygienic working conditions. The employer is obligated to ensure protection to workers' health and safety. The Labour Code and Law of the Republic of Belarus «About OSH» make it more exact, for example:

  • establishment and functioning of OSH management system;
  • acquisition and issuance of special clothing, footwear and other personal protective equipment, washing and neutralizing agents, etc (at employer’s expense);
  • training in safe methods and techniques of work, briefing on labor protection and checking of knowledge of labor protection requirements;
  • exclusion from work of persons, who are not trained in occupational safety and health;
  • special assessment of working conditions;
  • carrying their own funds for obligatory medical inspections;
  • inform workers about OSH;
  • investigation and registration of accidents and occupational diseases at work;
  •  compulsory social insurance of workers against of accidents at work and occupational diseases;
  • other cases by legislation.

While employees have the right to a workplace equipped with the safety requirements and labour protection, they must also comply with the rules and regulations of health and safety at workplace.

Sources: §41 of the Constitution; §224, 226, 230 of the Labour Code; §17-19 of Law of the Republic of Belarus «About OSH» 23.06.2008 №356-З; Intersectoral general rules of OSH, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 03.06.2003 №70

Бесплатное обеспечение средствами защиты

In working at harmful or dangerous working conditions, as well as work carried out in special temperature conditions or pollution-related conditions, employees are given free special clothes, special footwear and other personal protective equipment, and wash-off and the neutralizing agent. Storage, washing, drying, repair and replacement of special clothing is provided free of charge to the workers. List of personal protective equipment, directly providing work safety, is approved by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 15.10.2010 № 145. Also employees, who work with harmful and (or) dangerous working conditions, have right to get free medicinal and healthy nutrition, milk or equivalent foodstuffs.

Sources: §222, 225, 226, 230 of the Labour Code; §28 of Law of the Republic of Belarus «About OSH» 23.06.2008 №356-З; Intersectoral general rules of OSH, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 03.06.2003 №70; List of personal protective equipment, directly providing work safety, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 15.10.2010 №145

Обучение в области охраны труда

The employer must conduct briefings on occupational safety and organize training on safe methods and techniques of work and first aid, as well as ensure medical examination for workers. Employers have the right to prohibit employees from working who have not undergone training and their knowledge to work is yet to be verified. The employer is required to provide instruction and training to persons, hired to work in harmful or hazardous working conditions, about safe working methods and techniques. Such persons must be trained about labour protections and their knowledge of labour protection must be checked regularly. Instruction about the procedure of preparation, training, internships, mentoring, advanced training and testing of workers’ knowledge of OSH 2008 establishes details of it.

Sources: §226 of the Labour Code; §17-19, 25 of Law of the Republic of Belarus «About OSH» 23.06.2008 №356-З; Intersectoral general rules of OSH, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 03.06.2003 №70; Instruction about the procedure of preparation, training, internships, mentoring, advanced training and testing of workers’ knowledge of OSH, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 28.11.2008 №175

Инспекция труда

State control over the observance of labor legislation of the Republic of Belarus is carried out by the Department of State Labour Inspection of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection. The current control in regions is exercised by local offices of the Department of State Labour Inspection. Officials of the Department are the state labor inspectors.

State labor inspectors must comply with legislation and rights of employers. State labor inspectors are also authorised to:

  • pass freely into the territory, facilities and premises of inspected employer;
  •  examine documents to verify their compliance with the law and to make copies of it;
  • suspend or prohibit work organizations in case of violations of occupational safety requirements, endangering the life and health of workers;
  •  investigate industrial accidents;
  • other by legislation.

These powers of state labor inspectors are specialized by subordinate acts, such as Rules of investigation and registration of accidents at work and occupational diseases.

The Republic of Belarus ratified the Convention 1947 (No. 81) about labour inspection in 1995.

Sources: §221-1 of the Labour Code; §40 of Law of the Republic of Belarus «About OSH» 23.06.2008 №356-З; Rules of investigation and registration of accidents at work and occupational diseases, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 15.01.2004 №30; Statute of the Department of State Labour Inspection of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection, established by the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus 29.07.2006 №959

Нормативное регулирование охраны труда

  • Трудовой кодекс Республики Беларусь 1999 г. (в ред. от 23.07.2015) / Labour Code of the Republic of Belarus 1999 (version 23.07.2015)
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «Об охране труда» от 23.06.2008 №356-З (в ред. от 12.07.2013) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About OSH» 23.06.2008 №356-З (version 12.07.2013)
  • Перечень средств индивидуальной защиты, непосредственно обеспечивающих безопасность труда, утв. Постановлением Министерства труда и социальной защиты Республики Беларусь от 15.10.2010 №145 / List of personal protective equipment, directly providing work safety, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 15.10.2010 №145
  • Инструкция о порядке подготовки (обучения), переподготовки, стажировки, инструктажа, повышения квалификации и проверки знаний работающих по вопросам охраны труда, утв. Постановлением Министерства труда и социальной защиты Республики Беларусь от 28.11.2008 №175 / Instruction about the procedure of preparation, training, internships, mentoring, advanced training and testing of workers’ knowledge of OSH, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 28.11.2008 №175
  • Межотраслевые общие правила по охране труда, утв. Постановлением Министерства труда и социальной защиты Республики Беларусь от 03.06.2003 №70 / Intersectoral general rules of OSH, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 03.06.2003 №70
  • Правила расследования и учета несчастных случаев на производстве и профессиональных заболеваний, утв. Постановлением Совета Министров Республики Беларусь от 15.01.2004 №30 / Rules of investigation and registration of accidents at work and occupational diseases, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 15.01.2004 №30
  • Положение о Департаменте государственной инспекции труда Министерства труда и социальной защиты Республики Беларусь, утв. Постановлением Совета Министров Республики Беларусь от 29.07.2006 № 959 / Statute of the Department of State Labour Inspection of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection, established by the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus 29.07.2006 №959
  • Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь «О некоторых вопросах государственных минимальных социальных стандартов в области здравоохранения» от 29.03.2016 №259 / Resolution of the Council of Ministers «About some issues of state minimum social standards in the field of public health» 29.03.2016 №259
При использовании материалов сайта обязательна ссылка © WageIndicator 2018: Mojazarplata.by - Охрана труда