Социальное Обеспечение

Пенсия по старости

There is provision for both social insurance (contributory) and social assistance (state guaranteed) pension in Belarus. The right for contributory old age pension  is established for men at the age of 60 with at least 25 years of  service (including 15 years and six months of paid contributions) while for women, the age limit is reduced to 55 years with at least 20 years of length of service (including 15 years and six months of paid contributions). Qualifying conditions are reduced for those engaged in hazardous working conditions, persons with innate disabilities, parents with disabled children, war veterans, mothers of soldiers killed in action and mothers of five or more children. There is also provision for partial pension which is paid if the insured person does not meet the requirements for full old age pension. Law also allows deferring the pensions to a later age.

The earnings and length of service for counting rates of retirement pension are calculated according to rules of Law of the Republic of Belarus «About pension system».

Belarus legislation establishes monthly early professional pension and additional professional pension. It depends on profession, length of service, gender, working conditions (for early pension) and using funds of the professional part of the personal pension account (for additional pension).

From January 2017, retirement age will be progressively increased for men to 63 years and for women to 58 years.

The rate of the retirement pension is 55% of average monthly earnings (wage base to be determined by the Council of Ministers) plus 1% of the insured worker’s average monthly earnings for each year of coverage over 20 years (women) and 25 years (men). An additional 1% is paid for each year of coverage exceeding 10 years in hazardous work (7.5 years for women) up to a maximum of 20%.

The minimum pension is 25% of the national average subsistence level income (living wage) in the last two quarters plus 20% of the national average wage. The minimum partial pension is 50% of the minimum pension however the partial pension is raised to full pension for mothers of at least five children.

In addition, there is social pension for those, who do not get labour/contributory old age pension.  The social assistance pension is paid non-working citizens aged 60 (women) and 65 (men) if they are not entitled to contributory old age pension. The social pension is 50% of the national average subsistence income in the last 6 months. Since 01.11.2017 till 31.01.2018 living wage is 197.81 BYR. Following renewals of rates of the living wage will be available at the site of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection: http://mintrud.gov.by/.

Sources: §4, 5, 11, 23-24, 51, 56, 72, 73 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About pension system» 17.04.1992 № 1596-ХII; §1, 11, 17 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About the professional pension insurance» 05.01.2008 №322-З; Law of the Republic of Belarus «About the Fundamentals of the State social insurance» 31.01.1995 №3563-XII; Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus 11.04.2016 №137; Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus 25.09.2013 №441; Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus 09.10.2008 №1490

Пенсия по Случаю Потери Кормильца

Law provides for survivors’ benefits in the case of death of a breadwinner. Simultaneously, disabled and dependent family members of the deceased breadwinner have a right to get survivors' benefit. The parents and spouse of died breadwinner (who were not his dependents) are also entitled to a pension if they subsequently lost their source of livelihood. The survivor's' benefit for spouse is discontinued in case of remarriage, as well as for minors in case of adoption. Legislation provides following family members of the deceased breadwinner the right to survivors' benefit:

  1. children (adopted children, step children) under 18 years of age (disabled - no age limit);
  2. brothers, sisters and grandchildren under 18 years of age (disabled - no age limit), if they do not have employable parents or alimony;
  3. the age limit is raised for children to 23 years in the case of full time students;
  4. father, mother (adoptive parents), spouses, if they have reached retirement age, or are disabled;
  5. parent, spouse, grandfather, grandmother, brother or sister (regardless of age and disability), if he (she) is taking care of children, brothers, sisters or grandchildren up to 8 years old of the deceased breadwinner and do not work;
  6. grandfather and grandmother - in the absence of the persons who are legally required to support them;
  7. stepfather, stepmother, if they have reached retirement age, or are disabled, if he/she raised or kept a deceased stepson or stepdaughter at least 5 years.

Depending on the deceased person’s age at the time of death, the deceased person must have from one to fifteen years of coverage (it depends on age of breadwinner). The survivor benefit with less than required length of service is calculated in proportion to the available length of service, but not less than 50% of the minimum rate of retirement pension.

The survivors’ benefit is appointed for each disabled family member at the rate of 40% (50% for orphans) of the average monthly wage of the breadwinner, but not less than 100% of the minimum old age pension (200% for the loss of both parents or the death of a single mother). The earnings and length of service for counting rates of survivors’ benefits are calculated according to rules of Law of the Republic of Belarus «About pension system».

In addition, there is social assistance related survivors’ benefit for children under 18 years of age. The rate is 85% of maximum value of the living wage (national average subsistence income level) for last two quarters. Since 01.11.2017 till 31.01.2018 living wage is 197.81 BYR. Following renewals of rates of the living wage will be available at the site of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection: http://mintrud.gov.by/.

Sources: §4, 35, 36, 38-41, 72 and 73 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About pension system» 17.04.1992 № 1596-ХII

Пенсия по инвалидности

The invalidity benefit is paid to citizens recognized as disabled of I, II or III disability group. The recognition of a disabled citizen and establishment of disability is produced by state agencies on medical and rehabilitation expertise. The invalidity benefit is set regardless of the cause of disability.

As a rule, right for the invalidity benefit depends on length of service and age of establishment of disability. The Law of the Republic of Belarus «About pension system» stipulates the correlation of it. For those, who have become disabled before reaching 20 years of age during work/entrepreneurship/creative and other activities or after its termination, invalidity benefit is granted regardless of length of service.

Rates of invalidity insurance pension are:

  • I disability group (incapacity for all work and requires constant attendance) - 75% of the average monthly earnings;
  • II disability group (incapacity for all work but does not require constant attendance) - 65% of the average monthly earnings;
  • III disability group (incapacity for usual work) - 40% of the average monthly earnings.

The earnings and length of service for counting rates of the invalidity benefit are calculated according to rules of Law of the Republic of Belarus «About pension system».

If disabled person (I or II group) has length of service that is required for the appointment of old age pension, the invalidity benefit may be assigned in the amount of old age pension. The minimum invalidity benefit is set in amount:

  1. for I and II group of disability – 100% of the minimum old age pension;
  2. for III group of disability – 50% of the minimum old age pension.

The invalidity benefit with length of service less than necessary is calculated in proportion to the available length of service, but not less than 100% (for group I) and 50% (for group II) of the minimum rate of retirement pension.

In addition, there is the social invalidity benefit for disabled people (including disabled persons since childhood) and disabled children under 18 years. Following are the rates of social invalidity benefit:

  1. for I group (including disability since childhood) – 110% of maximum value of the living wage (national average subsistence income level) for last two quarters;
  2. for II group of disability since childhood – 95% of maximum value of the living wage (national average subsistence income level) for last two quarters;
  3. for II group – 85% of maximum value of the living wage (national average subsistence income level) for last two quarters;
  4. for III group (including disability since childhood) – 75% of maximum value of the living wage (national average subsistence income level) for last two quarters;
  5. for disabled children of I degree of loss of health – 80% of maximum value of the living wage (national average subsistence income level) for last two quarters;
  6. for disabled children of II degree of loss of health – 85% of maximum value of the living wage (national average subsistence income level) for last two quarters;
  7. for disabled children of III degree of loss of health – 95% of maximum value of the living wage (national average subsistence income level) for last two quarters;
  8. for disabled children of IV degree of loss of health – 110% of maximum value of the living wage (national average subsistence income level) for last two quarters.

Since 01.11.2017 till 31.01.2018 living wage is 197.81 BYR. Following renewals of rates of the living wage will be available at the site of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection: http://mintrud.gov.by/.

Other measures of social protection of disabled people are established by special legislation with regard to rehabilitation, medical care, social amenities, etc.

Sources: §4, 27, 28, 31, 32, 72 and 73 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About pension system» 17.04.1992 №1596-ХII; §8-10, 31-33 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About social protection of disabled persons in the Republic of Belarus» 11.11.1991 №1224-XII; §21 and 23 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About prevention of disability and rehabilitation of disabled persons» 23.07.2008 №422-З

Нормативное регулирование социального обеспечения

  • Закон Республики Беларусь «Об основах государственного социального страхования» от 31.01.1995 №3563-XII (в ред. от 30.12.2011) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About the Fundamentals of the State social insurance» 31.01.1995 №3563-XII (version 30.12.2011)
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «О профессиональном пенсионном страховании» от 05.01.2008 №322-З (в ред. от 04.06.2015) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About the professional pension insurance» 05.01.2008 №322-З (version 04.06.2015)
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «О социальной защите инвалидов в Республике Беларусь» от 11.11.1991 №1224-XII (в ред. от 16.11.2010) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About social protection of disabled persons in the Republic of Belarus» 11.11.1991 №1224-XII (version 16.11.2010)
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «О предупреждении инвалидности и реабилитации инвалидов» от 23.07.2008 №422-З (в ред. от 04.06.2015) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About prevention of disability and rehabilitation of disabled persons» 23.07.2008 №422-З (version 04.06.2015)
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «О занятости населения Республики Беларусь» от 15.06.2006 №125-З (в ред. от 18.07.2016) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About employment of the population of the Republic of Belarus» 15.06.2006 №125-З (version 18.07.2016)
  • Указ Президента Республики Беларусь «О совершенствовании пенсионного обеспечения» от 11.04.2016 №137 / Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus «About development of pension system» 11.04.2016 №137
  • Указ Президента Республики Беларусь «О некоторых вопросах профессионального пенсионного страхования и пенсионного обеспечения» от 25.09.2013 №441 / Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus «About some issues of professional pension insurance and pension funding» 25.09.2013 №441
  • Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь «О некоторых вопросах профессионального пенсионного страхования» от 09.10.2008 №1490 / Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus «About some issues of professional pension insurance» 09.10.2008 №1490
  • Уголовный кодекс Республики Беларусь 1999 г. (в ред. от 19.07.2016) / Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus 1999 (version 19.07.2016)
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