Труд Несовершеннолетних

Минимальный Возраст для Трудоустройства

An employment contract can be concluded with a citizen who has reached the age of 16 years. The school leaving age is 17 years, because the duration of the general education is 11 years.

With the written consent of a parent, guardian or adoptive parent, employment contract may be concluded with citizens aged 14 years, if this work does not harm child’s health, moral development and education. The list of jobs, which are allowed for children 14-16 years old are determined by Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 15.10.2010 №144. The normal working hours for children (14-16 years old) are 23 hours per week (11.5 hours if a child combines work with school/during school year). Similarly, the normal working hours for young persons (16-18 years old) are 35 hours per week (17.5 hours if a young person combines work with school/during school year),

Sources: §21 and 272 of the Labour Code; Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus «About the establishment of the list of light work, which can perform under the age of fourteen to sixteen years» 15.10.2010 №144; §12, 16 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About the bases of the state youth policy» 07.12.2009 №65-З

Минимальный Возраст Допуска к Вредному Производству

Law prohibits the employment of minors to work injurious to health. Working at weekends and public holidays, overtime and night, underground and mining work are prohibited for persons under age of 18.

Moreover, it is not allowed for workers under the age of eighteen years to carry or move weights over the limits laid down by the Resolution of Ministry of Labour 18.12.1997 № 116. The work which may be detrimental to the moral development of minors is also prohibited. The list of heavy jobs and jobs with harmful or dangerous working conditions (where employment of persons under eighteen years of age is prohibited) is confirmed by Resolution of Ministry of Labour 02.02.1995 № 13.

Sources: §274 and 276 of the Labour Code; Resolution of Ministry of Labour of the Republic of Belarus «About norms of lifting and moving heavy loads adolescents from 14 to 18 years» 18.12.1997 №116; Resolution of Ministry of Labour of the Republic of Belarus «About the list of works, where the employment of persons under 18 years of age is prohibited» 02.02.1995 № 13; §24 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About children's rights» 19.11.1993 №2570-XII; §16 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About OSH» 23.06.2008 №356-З

Нормативное регулирование труда несовершеннолетних

  • Трудовой кодекс Республики Беларусь 1999 г. (в ред. от 23.07.2015) / Labour Code of the Republic of Belarus 1999 (version 23.07.2015)
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «О государственных пособиях семьям, воспитывающим детей» от 29.12.2012 №7-З (в ред. от 01.01.2015) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About state benefits to families with children» 29.12.2012 №7-З (version 01.01.2015)
  • Перечень средств индивидуальной защиты, непосредственно обеспечивающих безопасность труда, утв. Постановлением Министерства труда и социальной защиты Республики Беларусь от 15.10.2010 №145 / List of personal protective equipment, directly providing work safety, established by the Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 15.10.2010 №145
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «О правах ребенка» от 19.11.1993 №2570-XII (в ред. от 11.05.2016) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About children's rights» 19.11.1993 №2570-XII (version 11.05.2016)
  • Постановление Министерства труда Республики Беларусь «О нормах подъема и перемещения тяжестей вручную подростками от 14 до 18 лет» от 18.12.1997 № 116 / Resolution of Ministry of Labour of the Republic of Belarus «About norms of lifting and moving heavy loads adolescents from 14 to 18 years» 18.12.1997 №116
  • Постановление Министерства труда Республики Беларусь «О списке работ, на которых запрещается применение труда лиц моложе 18 лет» от 02.02.1995 № 13 / Resolution of Ministry of Labour of the Republic of Belarus «About the list of works, where the employment of persons under 18 years of age is prohibited» 02.02.1995 №13
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «О противодействии торговле людьми» от 07.01.2012 №350-З (в ред. от 16.12.2014) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About combating with human trafficking» 07.01.2012 №350-З (version 16.12.2014)
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