Труд Лиц с Семейными Обязанностями

Отпуск в Связи с Отцовством

Belarus legislation does not provide for special paternity leave. Nevertheless, employee has right to make a written request to get unpaid leave during a calendar year not more than 30 calendar days for family reasons.

According to the state social program ‘Health of population and demographic safety of the Republic of Belarus’ for 2016-2020, the Government plans to introduce obligatory social paternity leave into practice.

Sources: §49 and 190 of the Labour Code

Отпуск по Уходу за Ребенком

The parental leave is available for workers with children up to the age of three years (1095 days). The parental leave is available for parents, guardians, stepparents, adoptive parents or other relatives who actually take care of a child. The parental leave is provided at the request of the employee. During this leave, parents are eligible for allowances and compensation. The parental leave is a family entitlement, thus either parent may take all the leave or they may divide the leave in parts.

The parental leave is interrupted in the event of the maternity leave and continues after its completion. If there are two or more children (under three years of age) in a family, parental leave is granted to one person.

During the period of the parental leave parent may work on the main (in another profession, position) or another job part-time (less than half of the monthly norm of working time).

In accordance with the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About state benefits to families with children», parents, adoptive parents or guardians of a child under the age of 6 months have right to get the childbirth benefit. The rates of the childbirth benefit are:

  • for the first child - ten times of the maximum value of the living wage for last two quarters;
  • for the second and subsequent children - fourteen times of maximum value of the living wage for last two quarters.

Since 01.11.2017 till 31.01.2018 living wage is 197.81 BYR.

The childbirth benefit will be not assigned if a child is not registered at the place of permanent or temporary residence in the Republic of Belarus by the day of applying for this benefit. If a child died by the day of applying for the childbirth allowance, it would be not assigned. These norms apply for children, who were born after July 1, 2017.

Recalculation of child allowance (until the child attains the age of 3 years) is carried out twice a year: February 1 and August 1. It is possible to get child allowance in the place of permanent or temporary residence. In case of reduction of the average monthly wage in the country, from which the child allowance is calculated, its rate will be maintained at the same level.

In accordance with data of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Belarus the average wage is 831,3 BYR. Since 2017, other relatives of a child up to 3 years may receive the child allowance if they are sole proprietors, notaries, lawyers, artisans, persons who engage in agro-eco-tourism and if they suspend their activities in connection with the care of a child.

Sources: §49, 183, 185, 266 and 271 of the Labour Code; §11-13 Law of the Republic of Belarus «About state benefits to families with children» 29.12.2012 №7-З; Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus 26.04.2010 № 200; Regulations «About the procedure for appointment and payment of government benefits to families with children», established by Resolution of the Council of Ministers 28.06.2013 №569; Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus 09.12.2014 №572; Regulations «About the procedure and conditions of appointment, financing (transfer), the management of funds of family capital», established by Resolution of the Council of Ministers 24.02.2015 №128; Resolution of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus 23.10.2017 №60

Гибкие условия труда для лиц с семейными обязанностями/баланс «семья-работа»

Overtime work, business trips, and working on the weekends are forbidden for women with children under three years. Women who have children under 3 years of age may work at night only with their consent. Women with children from 3 to 14 years (disabled children - under 18) may work on a weekly rest day or public holidays, at night, overtime or go to the business trips only with their consent.

Women with children under the age of one and half year (18 month), in case of impossibility to carry out their previous work, must be transferred to another job with average pay for previous work, before the child will reach the age of one and half year.

Parent (stepparent), guardian (trustee), who brings up a disabled child under 18 years or three or more children under 16 years, is provided with additional weekly rest day with payment in the amount of the average daily wage. Parent (stepparent), guardian (trustee), who brings up a disabled child under 18 years, has right to get additional monthly rest day with payment in the amount of the average daily wage. Parent (stepparent), guardian (trustee), who brings up two children under 16 years, may get additional monthly rest day. The payment for this day may be established by the collective agreement or the act of employer.

The employer must provide women with two or more children under 14 years or a disabled child under 18 years employee with the additional unpaid leave up to 14 calendar days. Workers also have a right to make a written request to get unpaid leave during a calendar year of not more than 30 calendar days for family reasons.

Employed women with children under the age of one and half year (18 months) are provided with additional nursing breaks.

There are rooms for nursing and women's personal hygiene, kindergartens, nurseries in organizations with a wide employment of women.

Working single fathers and guardians are entitled to the guarantees provided by the legislation and collective agreements for working mothers.

Sources: §189, 190, 263-265, 267, 270, 271 of the Labour Code

Нормативное регулирование труда лиц с семейными обязанностями

  • Трудовой кодекс Республики Беларусь 1999 г. (в ред. от 23.07.2015) / Labour Code of the Republic of Belarus 1999 (version 23.07.2015)
  • Указ Президента Республики Беларусь «Об административных процедурах, осуществляемых государственными органами и иными организациями по заявлениям граждан» от 26.04.2010 №200 (в ред. от 23.07.2012) / Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus «About administrative procedures, implemented by government agencies and other organizations on the applications of citizens» 26.04.2010 №200 (version 23.07.2012)
  • Положение «О порядке назначения и выплаты государственных пособий семьям, воспитывающим детей», утв. Постановлением Совета Министров Республики Беларусь от 28.06.2013 №569 / Regulations «About the procedure for providing temporary disability benefit and maternity allowance», established by Resolution of the Council of Ministers 28.06.2013 №569
  • Указ Президента Республики Беларусь «О дополнительных мерах государственной поддержки семей, воспитывающих детей» от 09.12.2014 №572 / Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus «About additional measures of state support for families with children» 09.12.2014 №572
  • Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь «Об утверждении Положения о порядке и условиях назначения, финансирования (перечисления), распоряжения средствами семейного капитала» от 24.02.2015 №128 / Regulations «About the procedure and conditions of appointment, financing (transfer), the management of funds of family capital», established by Resolution of the Council of Ministers 24.02.2015 №128
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «О здравоохранении» от 18.06.1993 №2435-XII (в ред. от 16.06.2014) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About healthcare» 18.06.1993 №2435-XII (version 16.06.2014)
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