Пособие по Безработице

Пособие по Безработице

The state guarantees social protection from unemployment. A person is considered unemployed who is out of work, looking for a job and ready to start work. In order to avail unemployment benefits, he/she must register with the employment service in order to find a proper job.

The following groups of citizens can not be recognized as unemployed:

  • under 16 years old;
  • retired;
  • convicted to obligatory work, arrest, restriction of liberty or imprisonment;
  • patients of activity therapy centre;
  • those who submitted false documents for proving unemployment;
  • graduate, if workplace is provided by the distribution or direction, who does not work necessary time by legislation at that workplace.

Unemployed persons have the right to receive unemployment benefit for 26 weeks from the time of registration as unemployed. The rate and procedure of payment is determined by the following way:

  1. before assignment of «unemployed», the person was employed full time for not less than 12 calendar weeks in the last 12-month period, the unemployment benefit in this case is 70% of average earnings for first 13 weeks and 50% of the average earnings for the next 13 weeks (in total 26 weeks);
  2. before assignment of «unemployed» status, the worker was employed full time for less than 12 weeks in the last 12 months of covered employment, the unemployment benefit is 100% of the average earnings for the first 13 weeks and 75% of the average earnings for next 13 weeks;
  3. for workers with a long gap in work activities (more than 12 months) but who have covered employment of at least one year, the unemployment benefit is 100% of the average earnings for the first 13 weeks and 75% of the average earnings for next 13 weeks;
  4. for persons who have registered in the employment service for searching work for the first time, the unemployment benefit 85% of the average earnings for the first 13 weeks and 70% of the average earnings for next 13 weeks;
  5. for long term employed persons who have work experience of less than one year, the unemployment benefit 85% of the average earnings for the first 13 weeks and 70% of the average earnings for next 13 weeks.

Sources: §1, 3 and 24 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About employment of the population of the Republic of Belarus» 15.06.2006 №125-З

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