Работа и Оплата Труда

Минимальный размер оплаты труда

Minimum wage is a state minimum social standard in the field of remuneration. The minimum wage is determined as a sum per hour and per month. The monthly minimum wage is set at the national level by the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus. The minimum wage should be indexed every year. Minimum wages (monthly and hourly) is applied taking into account hours worked.

The monthly minimum wage is determined by taking into account:

  • economic opportunities of state and employers;
  • needs of workers in material goods and services;
  • employment rate and operational efficiency;
  • forecast of growth of consumer prices;
  • level of nominal average monthly wage in the country.

The collective agreement may establish higher rate of the monthly minimum wage than the wage specified as national minimum wage.

The hourly minimum wage is determined by dividing the monthly minimum wage to the rate of the ratio of calculation working time of the calendar year and the number of months in the calendar year. The employer is obliged to review the rate of hourly minimum wage in the case of amendment in the monthly minimum wage.

If the employee receives wages lower than the minimum wage, the employer must make the additional payment to compensate the difference. 

According to chapter 39 of the Labour Code of the Republic of Belarus, minimum wages compliance is regulated by specially authorized representatives of state bodies of supervision and control as it is prescribed by the legislation. These bodies are: State labour inspection department of the Ministry of Labour and Social protection of the Republic of Belarus, prosecutor’s office and some other national and local bodies. According to part 1 art. 9.19 of the Administrative Code, the breaching of the order and terms of wage payment is punished by the fine in amount from 4 (140 000 BYR) up to 20 (700 000 BYR) basic units for persons and up to 100 basic units or 3 500 000 BYR for legal entity. According to art. 465 of the Labour Code of the Republic of Belarus persons and legal entities guilty of violating the labour legislation are subjects to disciplinary, administrative, criminal and other type of punishment according to the law.

Sources: §4-6 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About setting and the order of minimum wage uprating» 17.07.2002 №124-3; §56, 59 of the Labour Code; Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus «About establishment of the monthly minimum wage» 24.12.2015 №1094

Заработная плата

According to the Constitution, employees are guaranteed a fair remuneration for the economic results of work in accordance with the quantity, quality and social significance, but not below the level of providing them and their families an independent and dignified existence.

Salary is the fixed remuneration for performance of work (for a calendar month) based on and appropriate to the professional skills, difficulty, quantity and quality of labour and working conditions for time actually worked and periods included in the working hours.

State guarantees of wages consists of:

  1. minimum wage;
  2. minimum rate of the first grade of workers in Unified tariff scale (for budgetary sphere);
  3. republican tariff wage rates;
  4. growth of remuneration for non-standard working conditions;
  5. actuality and indexation of wage;
  6. limits of deductions from wage;
  7. control of timely payment of wage;
  8. responsibility of employers for violating the collective agreements, employment contract.

Indexation of wages is necessary due to inflation taking into account inflation rate.

There is two variants of the wage system in the Republic of Belarus: unified tariff scale (for budgetary sphere) and others wage system (commercial organizations). The unified tariff scale includes grades of workers (now it is 27 grades) and correction coefficients (from 3.5 to 1). The first grade of workers is meant the unskilled work and the lowest payment. Commercial organizations may use unified tariff scale or its elements too. Also in commercial organizations, the employer establishes the tariff rate of the first grade under the agreement of the trade union. The state tariff rate of the first grade after denomination is 29.8 BYR.

Employee remuneration is based on hourly and monthly wage (salary), which is established by collective agreement, act of employer, act of Government of the Republic of Belarus (for budgetary sphere).

While the minimum wage is determined under the law, the maximum limit is not specified under the law. There are higher wages for heavy work, work in harmful or dangerous working conditions and in the territory of radioactive contamination.

Wages must be paid at least twice a month (once every half month) on a day established by collective agreement or employment contract. If a payment day coincides with a non-working day, wages must be paid on the day before.

Wages must be paid in legal tender, i.e., Belarusian rubles. Payment of wages can be made through bank transfer or money order if worker has given written consent for that. With the consent of the employee, it is permitted to replace cash payment in whole or in part by payment in kind (mixed form of payment). Payment in kind instead of cash should be suitable for personal use and beneficial for the employee and his family. Payment in kind may not use the goods, the list of which is approved by the Resolution of the Council of Ministers 28.04.2000 № 603.

On payment of wages, employer must also inform the employees about gross wages, total size and ground for deductions and the net amount of wages to be paid. Deductions from an employee’s wages can be made only for cases specified by legislation. Employers are further allowed to make deductions from a worker’s wage to retrieve/recover the sum of money owed by the employee to the employer. It happens in the recovery of: 

  • advances of pay;
  • amount given to an employee for travel or other expenses which was not spent;
  • sums that were overpaid to the employee due to an accounting error;
  • holiday/annual leave pay, if employment terminates and worker has already taken leave in excess of his accrued entitlement at the point of contract termination;
  • compensation for damage caused through the fault of the employee to the employer, in an amount not exceeding his average monthly earnings.

The total amount of deductions at each payment of wages cannot exceed 20 percent, and in the cases where the worker is subject to more than one attachment order, the maximum total deduction is 50 percent of the wages. Where the employee’s wages are attached for specified reasons, the deduction can rise to as high as 70% (for example, alimony for minor children).

Violation of the order and terms of payment of wages by the employer is punishable by a fine in the amount of 4-20 basic values and for legal entity - up to 100 basic values.

Sources: §42 of the Constitution; §56-63, 65, 73-75, 80, 107-109 of the Labour Code; Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus «About approval of the list of goods that cannot be paid in kind by employers» 28.04.2000 №603

Нормативное регулирование оплаты труда

  • Трудовой кодекс Республики Беларусь 1999 г. (в ред. от 23.07.2015) / Labour Code of the Republic of Belarus 1999 (version 23.07.2015)
  • Закон Республики Беларусь «Об установлении и порядке повышения размера минимальной заработной платы» от 17.07.2002 №124-З (в ред. от 24.04.2014) / Law of the Republic of Belarus «About setting and the order of minimum wage uprating» 17.07.2002 №124-3 (version 24.04.2014)
  • Кодекс Республики Беларусь об административных правонарушениях 2003 г. (в ред. от 23.08.2016) / Code of Administrative Offences of the Republic of Belarus 2003 (version 23.08.2016)
  • Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь «Об установлении размера месячной минимальной заработной платы» от 24.12.2015 №1094 / Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus «About establishment of the monthly minimum wage» 24.12.2015 №1094
  • Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь «Об утверждении Перечня товаров, которыми не может производиться натуральная оплата труда нанимателями» от 28 апреля 2000 г. № 603 / Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus «About approval of the list of goods that cannot be paid in kind by employers» 28.04.2000 №603
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